期刊詳細資料 Journal detailed information
作者(Author)李柏翰
篇名(Article title)韻圖形制的重現——《音學秘書》的編撰理念及其音韻現象
期刊名(Journal name)漢學研究
國際期刊(International Journal)THCI
中文摘要(Abstrct)此文以涂謙《音學秘書》所收錄的〈四聲經緯圖〉作為研究,從編撰理念與音韻現象兩方面,闡釋如何從仿襲前人脈絡到完成個人理想改造的途徑,並考察〈四聲經緯圖〉形制的流傳,解讀這類混合型韻圖的形成方式及音韻特點。此文首先透過前人的論述,瞭解過去受到批評的源由,並從章節架構理解成書的動機;其次從等韻史傳承及相關資料考察「四聲經緯圖」原型的開展與影響,說明韻圖形制的傳播過程,並以編撰理念闡釋這類仿襲框架的正音觀;第三說明《音學秘書.四聲經緯圖》呈現的音韻現象,並與《皇極圖韻.四聲經緯圖》逐一比較,進而觀察改動用意及影響;最後衡量《音學秘書》所體現的音韻特點,對其「混合型」的音韻體系提出說明。由於《音學秘書.四聲經緯圖》模仿《皇極圖韻.四聲經緯圖》的形制而成,所以過去被視為無意義的轉載行為,但透過本文的研究觀察,可知這種仿襲現象能重現特定的音學理念,若能從等韻史的角度梳理這類傳播現象,對於客觀解讀文獻的音韻特徵應該有相當大的助益,且對於混合型韻圖的來歷背景,也能有較為精確的掌握。
ABSTRCTThis paper aims to explain how Tu Qian涂謙 has transformed from imitating his predecessors to the accomplishment of his own phonological theory through the study of the composition and phonological features of his Sisheng jingweitu四聲經緯圖from Yinxue mishu音學秘書. I also investigate the history of circulation of the structure of mixing rhyme table in Sisheng Jingweitu to understand how this structure is established and what phonological features it has.The first section explains why Sisheng jingweitu is criticized and then gives a new account of the main purpose of the book in terms of the frame of its content. The next section investigates the development of prototype and the influence of Sisheng jingweitu through the history of Chinese phonology in order to describe the dissemination of the imitative structure of rhyme table and understand, based on the keynote of Sisheng jingweitu, how the theory of Zhengyin正音builds this structure. The third section compares the phonological features of Sisheng jingweitu with that of Huangji tuyun皇極圖韻 to reveal the former’s aim of altering the latter and its influence. The final section reflects on the phonological features of Yinxue mishu and tries to put the phonological system of the mixing rhyme table into perspective. Imitating the structure of Huangji tuyun, Yinxue mishu has long been considered as an insignificant plagiarizing in the past. However, according to our discussion above, we know that this imitative phenomenon examplfies a particular phonological theory. Furthermore, a proper interpretion of the dissemination of the imitative structure of rhyme table in terms of the history of Chinese phonology will considerably support to understand the phonological features and the background of the mixing rhyme table.
中文關鍵字(Keyword)〈四聲經緯圖〉、《音學秘書》、韻圖形制、音學傳播、正音
KEYWORDSisheng jingweitu四聲經緯圖, Yinxue mishu音學秘書, structure of rhyme table, circulation of phonological thought, theory of Zhengyin正音
卷期(Volume No)第33卷 第2期
頁數(Page number)第199~233頁
年份(Year)2015/6
語言(Language)1